For a long while now, you might have become accustomed to a couple of cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, namely THC and CBD. There are many benefits attached to both, which is why they have gained much popularity all over the world. However, as more research on the multiple compounds found in the plant takes place, scientists have discovered another potentially more beneficial cannabinoid called Cannabigerol or CBG. Ever since the discovery of the new compound, a CBG vs. CBD debate has caught people’s attention. Let’s dive a little deeper into the facts and set the record straight.
What Is CBG?
Cannabigerol or CBG is a chemical compound found in the famous Cannabis Sativa Plant. Since its first initial isolation in 1964, ongoing research has highlighted some promise in the compound with regards to therapeutic abilities. CBG is the “mother compound.” This is because there is evidence that all other compounds are present in the plant, like CBD and THC, was CBG once. The CBD and THC compounds exist because of the presence of CBG in the plant. The initial CBG acid breaks down by enzymes into THCA and CBDA, making CBG the precursor of both.
The acids then break down further by ultraviolet light, which creates CBD and THC. CBG, in itself, is also part of the family of cannabinoids. However, it is present in limited quantities in mature plants, so it can be expensive to harvest and isolate. Some farmers, who have their eyes on the CBG prize, are able to extract large amounts of it by harvesting the plant while it is still young. Farmers are also experimenting with cannabis strains that contain large amounts of CBG.
Ongoing research into the uses and benefits of CBG shows it has great potential. It has been proven to have strong antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and promote the smooth and healthy functioning of blood vessels. It has also been shown through some studies that CBG can improve the symptoms of diseases that affect the brain, like Parkinson’s and Huntington’s. Research about CBG’s effect on cancer cells and its ability to limit their growth also looks promising.
What Is CBD?
In order to put the CBG vs. CBD debate to rest once and for all, we need to know what CBD is and its uses and benefits. CBD, also known as cannabinoids, is a rather popular compound found in the cannabis Sativa plant. Through the past few years, the compound has gained widespread acclaim because of its multiple therapeutic benefits. From oils to food supplements to dog treats, CBD is everywhere, and people all over the world have made it an essential part of their daily lives.
We extract CBD from the cannabis plant and then refine it into different types of products. You can find mainly three types of CBD products in the market; broad-spectrum, full-spectrum, and CBD isolate. Broad-spectrum CBD products contain a wide range of cannabinoids naturally present in the cannabis plant but don’t contain THC, which is the compound that gives the consumer the “high.” On the other hand, full-spectrum CBD products have all the cannabinoids that are naturally present in the plant along with THC, while CBD isolates only contain CBD.
CBG vs. CBD
There are significant differences in the composition, uses benefits, and pharmacology of both the compounds even though they are present in the same plant and interact with the same endocannabinoid system in the human body. For starters, let’s look at the molecular structure of both.
The molecular structure of a cannabinoid, which is the arrangement and number of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen atoms in it. It defines how it reacts with the body and what benefits it brings to it. This is also because the composition of the atoms makes the CBG and CBD molecules. These are completely different in physical shapes, making them react in a different way than each other with the cannabinoid receptors in the human body.
Moreover, research on rats showed that the use of CBG significantly increased the appetite of the subject. whereas CBD actually reduced the total food intake of the subject. Along with this, the benefits and possible treatment options that CBG provides, like reducing the symptoms of glaucoma, reducing the growth of cancer cells, and preventing neurological diseases, differ significantly from CBD. The uses and benefits of CBD are primarily therapeutic.
Another start difference between the two cannabinoids is the price and availability. CBD has been around for a relatively long time and, the gradual increase in demand for the product has prompted multiple manufacturers to send out their own CBD products in the market. CBG, on the other hand, is still new in the cannabis compound market, and many people are unaware of its uses.
It is also pricier as compared to CBD. This is because an adult cannabis Sativa plant contains negligible amounts of CBG relative to CBD and other compounds. As mentioned above, farmers are experimenting with CBG plantation and extraction, and there might be some serious competition for CBD in the coming years.
The Final Answer to the Question
We can answer the question of whether CBG is more potent than CBD by saying that it is all subjective. This means that people might consider CBG to be more potent, or vice versa. It depends on the benefits they are looking to achieve from the use of a cannabinoid. As far as scientific evidence is concerned, research is ongoing and clinical trials have a long way to go. They can settle the CBG vs CBD debate with facts.
For now, CBG is showing great potential and gradually growing in popularity. As more people around the world get to know about it. The rising demand will push producers to come up with efficient ways of production and supply the product at lower prices. In conclusion, the CBG compound, despite being the “mother” of all other cannabinoids, still has a lot to prove before it can become the talk of the town and replace CBD.