Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a cannabinoid present in the cannabis plant. There are several cannabinoids present in a cannabis plant, but CBD and THC are the most well-known and there is some research conducted on these compounds. THC is a psychoactive compound and can make you feel “high”; on the other hand, CBD doesn’t cause you that “high” feeling.
Nowadays, CBD is a billion-dollar industry. You can find CBD products everywhere, from grocery stores to supermarkets. Due to the legalization of hemp, there is now a great upsurge in the CBD products in the market. Prior to the Farm Bill of 2018, there was no differentiation between hemp and marijuana. Both were on the “Schedule I” substances list that are controlled by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Thanks to the Farm Bill of 2018, now all hemp-derived products having less than 0.3 percent less THC are legal. So hemp-derived CBD and its products are legal. Marijuana-derived CBD may have more THC content, so it is illegal. CBD is popular for its potential health benefits, and moreover, it has calming effects without intoxication.
How Does CBD Work?
Humans have an endocannabinoid system. This system has CB1 and CB2 receptors. These receptors play an important role in controlling various functions such as mood, sleep, focus, appetite, etc. THC and CBD compounds affect this endocannabinoid system. THC structure is similar to anandamide and can bind to the receptors in the brain. On the contrary, CBD works in a different way. CBD activates the serotonin receptor and functions as an antagonist. It blocks or deactivates GPR55 receptors. Activation of GPR55 is linked with cancer cell proliferation and osteoporosis. That’s why CBD effects are quite different from THC. Although both cannabinoids come from the same plant, their effects on the endocannabinoid system are quite dissimilar. According to a study, CBD is also helpful in reducing THC’s psychoactive effects.
CBD and Its Effects
- CBD affects our endocannabinoid system and produces different effects. Some clinical studies and research evidence are following.
- CBD helps to treat tension and various tension-related disorders. Several studies support CBD as a promising anti-depressant. A small experimental study found that CBD reduces nervousness in patients with social tension in a simulated public speaking task.
- Sleep is an important function of the nervous system. Many people have a problem falling asleep or have disturbed sleep cycles. CBD is also helpful for sleep and sleep-related issues. Many people share positive experiences such as improved and regulated sleep cycles with the use of CBD.
- Many studies and clinical trials support it. According to a review, the use of CBD for sleep is effective. MacKillop, a co-author of this review, considers CBD a new sleep treatment. One more study supports that CBD is helpful for sleep improvement. CBD is very effective in maintaining bone health and bone mass. According to this study, CBD has an effect on osteoclasts and bone turnover. Osteoclasts are the cells that degrade bone.
- Osteoporosis is very common in women after menopause. In osteoporosis, bones become weak and brittle. According to a study, CBD can be helpful in treating osteoporosis.
- CBD is part of FDA approved drug Epidiolex. CBD is helpful in reducing the frequency of seizures in epilepsy.
- CBD is also effective in a rare kind of epilepsy, Dravet syndrome. Dravet syndrome is a complex childhood epilepsy disorder and has a high mortality rate. According to this clinical trial, CBD effectively reduces the frequency of Drug-Resistant Seizures in the Dravet Syndrome.
- CBD is also helpful in reducing pain and chronic pain management. This study supports that CBD is effective in chronic pains.
Read also: What Are CBD Health Benefits?
You can find a variety of CBD products in the market. Due to its huge popularity, every brand is trying to introduce a variety of CBD-infused products. Some easily available CBD products are as follows.
- CBD Oils and Tinctures
CBD oils and CBD tinctures are the most common and popular forms of CBD. People use them for many therapeutic reasons. CBD oils and tinctures come in different strengths. All CBD oils are not equal. Some oils may contain some other ingredients too.
- CBD Softgels
CBD softgels are also popular among those folks who don’t like the taste of CBD oil and tinctures. These softgels usually contain CBD oil and are easy to swallow. These softgels also come in different strengths.
- CBD Gummies
The yummiest way to consume CBD is the CBD gummies. These gummies come in different flavors and colors. Nowadays, people like to use these gummies due to their pleasant taste and convenience to use.
- CBD Vape Pens
CBD vaping is very common nowadays. People like to vape for different purposes, such as enjoyment and mood uplifting. CBD vape pens are available in different sizes and flavors.
- CBD Topicals And Skincare
CBD-infused skincare is in great trend due to its anti-aging effects. Moreover, CBD is helpful in treating many drug-resistant skin issues.
- CBD Edibles
You can find many CBD-infused edibles like cookies, brownies, biscuits, health supplements, etc. This is your personal choice in which form you use CBD to reap its benefits.
Difference Between Full-Spectrum and Broad-Spectrum CBD Products
Many people confuse full-spectrum CBD and broad-spectrum CBD as the same. Whenever you buy CBD oil or any other CBD product, there is a written label saying either the product is full-spectrum or broad-spectrum. This statement can confuse many new CBD buyers. Full-spectrum CBD means having all the goodness of a cannabis plant, including flavonoids, terpenes, Cannabinoids, and even THC less than 0.3 percent. Broad-spectrum CBD is similar to full-spectrum CBD to some extent. It also has all terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids. The only difference is that it doesn’t contain any THC. So, you can say that THC is the deciding factor.
Different studies and clinical trials prove that CBD has remarkable properties. There is just a need for more human studies and clinical trials to unveil the true potential of CBD. So, researchers should focus on more human studies and experiments. Moreover, there is also a need to reduce the gap between research and CBD legislation for future implementation of CBD in the health space.
Read also: What Is Pure CBD Oil?